The Old Man and the Sea Notes

Introduction: The Old Man and the Sea is a novella. Ernest Hemingway is the author of this novel. He is an American novelist, short story writer, and journalist. He got the Nobel Prize in 1954.

Characters: Santiago, Manolin

Setting: Havana in Cuba

Theme: Resistance to Defeat, Friendship, Youth and Age, Man and Nature

Publication and award: It was published in 1952 and awarded the 1953 Pulitzer Prize for fiction.

Plot in simple words:

On the coast of Cuba near Havana, an old widowed fisherman named Santiago has been unable to catch a fish for 84 days.

His apprentice, Manolin, has been forced by his parents to seek another "luckier" employer, although Manolin continues to help Santiago launch and retrieve his boat from the ocean each day. 

On the morning of the 85th day, Manolin helps Santiago launch his boat into the sea.

Not long afterward, Santiago feels a hard pull on his line and realizes that a huge marlin has caught his hook.

 Santiago uses all his strength to harpoon and kill the marlin on the second day.

During the homeward journey, however—his third day at sea—sharks attack the boat, tearing the flesh from the marlin.

 Santiago fights desperately, killing or driving off most of the sharks, but eventually, the sharks eat all the flesh of the marlin.

When Santiago pulls into the harbor, everyone is sleeping, and Santiago struggles to carry his mast back to his shack, leaving the marlin's skeleton still tied to his boat in the harbor.

 The next day, Manolin finds Santiago asleep in his shack.

Manolin is overjoyed to see him but cries when he sees the cuts in Santiago's hands. 

When Santiago wakes up, Manolin tells him he doesn't care what his parents say—he's going to start fishing with Santiago again. Meanwhile, as a party of tourists watches the marlin's skeleton and mistakes it for a shark, Santiago drifts back to sleep under Manolin's watchful gaze and dreams of lions.

Keywords and phrases of the novella

Santiago, Manolin, Marlin, Cuba,  Gulf Stream, old fisherman, harpoon, skiff, line, alone but hopeful in old age, apprentice, 84 days with no fish position, Manolin is a good companion, On the 85th day he hooks the big fish. harbor Dimaggio, the baseball player is the inspiration.Undefeated Spirit,struggle Luck is slave of Efforts. one of Hemingway’s finest works Pulitzer Prize in 1953.







A man can be destroyed but not defeated

Everything about him was old except his eyes and they were the same color as the sea and were cheerful and undefeated

He is wonderful and strange and who knows how old he is, he thought. Never have I had such a strong fish nor one who acted so strangely... He cannot know that it is only one man against him, nor that it is an old man.”

“But I must have the confidence and I must be worthy of the great DiMaggio who does all things perfectly even with the pain of the bone spur in his heel”

 Now is no time to think of what you do not have. Think of what you can do with what there is. 


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